Here are some great facts on the skeleton from our Level 2 Fitness Instructor Course.
The skeletal system consists of two main types of connective tissue:
Bones and cartilage.
Our skeleton is classified in two sections:
The axial skeleton – consists of the bones that form the main frame or axis: the spine, ribs and skull
The appendicular skeleton – the bones that attach to the main frame (the appendages): upper and lower limbs, pelvic and shoulder girdles
There are 206 bones in the skeleton and they are classified according to their formation and shape as:
Long Bone – longer than they are wide. eg: Humerus, Femur
Short Bone – normally cube shaped. eg: Carpals, Tarsals
Flat Bone – plate like in shape and structure. eg: Scapula, sternum
Irregular Bone – complex in shape. eg: Vertebrae, calcaneus
Sesamoid Bone – bones located within a tendon. eg: Patella
Thanks for reading!
United Fitness Academy